Building on the excellent foundation of standards states have laid, the Academic Content Standards are the first step in providing our young people with a high-quality education. It should be clear to every student, parent, and teacher what the standards of success are in every school.
Ohio’s New Learning Standards (NLS) provide a consistent, clear understanding of what students are expected to learn, so teachers and parents know what they need to do to help them. The standards are designed to be robust and relevant to the real world, reflecting the knowledge and skills that our young people need for success in college and careers.
Ohio’s New Learning Standards (NLS) for Mathematics are made of two parts: The Standards for Mathematical Content and the Standards for Mathematical Practice.
The Standards for Mathematical Content define what students should be able to do in their study of mathematics. This is the content specific to each grade-level, the “what” students are learning. Ideas are explored in depth and are purposefully sequenced to build upon previous years. These standards are a balanced combination of procedure and understanding. Mathematical skill must be accompanied by a deep understanding of why procedures work.
While learning the Content Standards (the “what” students are learning) in each grade level, the Standards for Mathematical Practice are embedded within the instruction. The Practice Standards describe “how” students understand, interact with, and apply the Content Standards. Research has shown that students need to have a conceptual understanding of a topic before procedural knowledge is expected. All students have the capacity to learn and understand mathematics and the Process Standards illustrate what this looks like in the classroom.
- Make sense of problems and persevere in solving them. Proficient students work hard to understand and solve math problems.
- Reason abstractly and quantitatively. Proficient students make sense of numbers and how they are related when problem solving.
- Construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of others. Proficient students explain and justify their solutions. They also consider and evaluate solutions of others.
- Model with mathematics. Proficient students apply the math they know to solve problems in everyday situations.
- Use appropriate tools strategically. Proficient students use math tools, pictures, drawings and objects to solve problems.
- Attend to precision. Proficient students are clear and detailed in their work.
- Look for and make use of structure. Proficient students use numerical patterns and relationships to solve problems.
- Look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning. Proficient students utilize familiar strategies in order to make generalizations and apply efficient procedures.